Following is an 2001 article that was formerly found in MSOWorld .com
Read and enjoy
Click here for Part 1. Click here for Part 2.
Click here for Part 3. Click here for Part 4.
Chess, taiji, religious or political services, repetitive practices, collective and socializing, sacred because they are vital, creative because they are constantly adapting to new diktats, if only also because of the numbers involved, the simple practices of daily life in
In a competition, playing and thinking time is very precisely measured for each player by twin clocks, and the gradual positioning of the pieces is meticulously noted by a referee. Each player is identified by a card placed on his side of the table and, when the game is over, the result is posted on the game organization chart. Official competition is obviously much more highly regulated than a game between friends, but in both cases the almost perfect silence, the non-intervention of observers, the absolute taboo on moving a piece already placed, are immutable rules.
In both cases, a game between friends or a competition, the game will be replayed after its end, methodically, in order for the players to benefit mutually from their mistakes and their good moves. In this ritual, one witnesses again the self-effacing of the winner in an act of creation; when the game is over it is not yet over, it gives place to the necessary synthesis. The winner takes on the role of master, and there is symbolic communication with the liminal world of weiqi in the constant and quasi sacred references which the winner and his partner make to classic "openings", to the famous games of the masters, to the ancient qipu, the chess manuals, the oldest of which is said to date back to the Han dynasty.  These games are so many rituals through which the player accedes to a higher level of understanding of the world of weiqi and of the world itself, stages marked in a practical way by the passing of the "dans".
Moreover the Chinese Weiqi Institute, in
38. Victor Turner, " Variations in the Theme of Liminality ", in Secular Ritual,
39. Xu Jialiang, Zhongguo gudai qiyi (The Ancient Art of Chinese Chess),
40. Necessity to present identity papers and letter of introduction first to the guard and then to the authorities of the establishment.
41. A member of the CPC since 1923, Chen Yi has had a brilliant military and political career. He was mayor of